Medicine & Drugs Australia

Australia is among the most advanced countries in the field of medicine & drugs in recent years, there has been great emphasis on preventative treatments such as exercise and moderate exposure to the sun.

Risk factors

The main risk factor in Australia is the problem of obesity, with more than 50% of Australians being too heavy. Together with the USA and Britain, Australia is one of the countries with the most problems in this area. This is a surprising fact when you take into account Australia’s image as an athletic nation, whose people often engage in sports activities.

Another risk factor, which is actually on the decline, is cigarette smoking. There is a high awareness of the risks involved in smoking, and high taxes have succeeded in bringing down the number of smokers dramatically, but in 2001, a quarter of the population was still smoking on a daily basis. About 20,000 people are dying directly or indirectly of cigarette smoking every year.

Australians also consume a considerable amount of alcohol, mainly beer and wine, at an average of 10 liters per year per person. Taxes increase based on percentage of alcohol, and therefore, most other alcoholic drinks are relatively expensive. A government campaign called NCADA founded in 1985 and financed by the state calls for an increased awareness of the damage caused by alcohol and drugs. Most of the war on alcohol concentrates on drunk driving, since driving under the influence of alcohol causes 30 % of all accidents. This means increased law enforcement and tremendous fines for those caught.

Illnesses

Cancer treatment is among Australia’s highest priorities. Skin cancer is very common in Australia but less dangerous than other types of cancer. A quarter of all cases of death on the continent are caused by cancer. The Australian sun is one of the most dangerous in the world, and the percentage of people suffering from malignant skin cancer is extremely high. Therefore, we recommend avoiding the sun during noon hours.

Coronary diseases are responsible for 40% of deaths, with all the risk factors mentioned above, such as obesity and smoking, contributing to this number.

Other common illnesses in Australia are diabetes, asthma, mental disorders, and injuries. Sydney, the capital of New South Land, is not the best place for people suffering from allergies, since the city has been proclaimed as the most dangerous city for allergies due to its high concentration of plants releasing various types of pollen.

There are about 20,000 AIDS carriers in Australia (0.1% of the population), and about 700 people die every year from this sickness. Like in most countries in the Western world, the educational system in Australia tries to increase students’ awareness of safe sex.