Climate in Darwin, Northern Territory

Over a third of the Northern Territory, also known as the ‘Top End’, is located north of the Tropic of Capricorn. The majority of the state is primarily flat or rising and falling with a peak of up to about 200 meter in elevation, with widespread coastal swamps or wetlands in many parts.

The central area of the ‘Top End’ is dominated by the rocky Arnhem Land plateau. To the southwest of the Arnhem Land plateau lie the rugged hills of the southern Katherine region, while just to the east the land normally rises more smoothly through the mountainous country of the southern Roper-McArthur District to the lush plains of the Barkly Tableland. These systems of hills separate the coastal river drainage systems from the wide but low inland basin, where streams are more often than not dry for a large amount of the year.

South again the land rises incredibly slowly; western areas are subject by sandy desert. In the direction of central Australia, the land rises more abruptly into a higher plateau and rocky ranges, where a numerous peaks exceed 1500 meters in elevation. The plateau drops significantly towards the sand dunes of the Simpson Desert in the southeast at the same time as the Lake Amadeus.