Climate in Adelaide, South Australia

South Australia consumes a third of the central southern half of Australia with the ocean on the south side. From the beginning of the Great Australian Bight, which is located on the western border, the coastline of South Australia runs southeast to the Victorian border. Along this path there is to bodies of water, the Gulf of St Vincent and Spencer Gulf. These two bodies of water have a reasonable effect on the temperature along this coast line.

Average rainfall for Southern Australia varies quite a bit, the area east of Lake Erye averages about 100mm yearly, on the other extreme, the higher parts of Mount Lofty Rangers they can accumulate up to 100mm per year. The majority of winds travel from the northwest and southwest. The weather in South Australian is generally controlled by the frontal systems connected to the depressions that travel east across the ocean.

The main island off of the South Australian coast is Kangaroo Island; it is located to the west of Victor Harbor. About half of the state of South Australia is reasonably flat, or with mild rolling hills and is at average less the 150 meters above sea level. The Flingers and the Mount Lofty Rangers mountain ranges are the most significant in this area they extend from Cape Jervis in the south to the most northern end of Lake Torrens. The effect on the climate from these mountains generally affect the rainfall in the immediate area, however, the temperature will also decrease or increase depending on your elevation.

The sub tropic ridge plays a big role in the temperature of South Australia, depending on its location. During the summer months of the year, November through April this is when the ridge is located along the latitudes south of the Australian continent. Cold fronts are in conjunction with the southern low pressure during the summer months, none the less it fails to produce much rainfall.