Australia Immigration Process

Since 1945 over 6 million immigrants have arrived on the continent and transformed Australia into the most multicultural country in the world. Nearly a quarter of the current population was born outside of Australia
Australia has been a primarily immigrant nation ever since the original settlers from the southeastern parts of Asia settled 40,000 years ago.

The first European immigrants to Australia were reluctant; convicts and guards disembarked at Port Jackson in 1788. With them were diseases and weaponry that began to instantly destroy the indigenous aboriginal population, and they began creating a miniature version of the society they had left in England.

Smaller groups of settlers had begun arriving in the colony even from 1793, but it was 1802-03 that the Home Office in England and Australia began an active campaign to encourage migration, because free settlers were thought of as a necessary addition to the convict population for boosting the economy. The flow of immigrants was nearly constant, which helped to set the character of the population as predominantly Anglo-Australian. The Aboriginal population of Australia got reduced to a minority because of disease. Immigration from Asia wasn’t encouraged by government policy, nor were other immigrants who weren’t English.

From 1851-60 was the gold rush era. It was sparked by the discovery of gold at Bathurst, NSW in February 1851 and in Victoria in July. There were Chinese gold-seekers despite restrictions on immigration from the government of China – in fact more than a hundred thousand Chinese people came to Australia between 1840 and 1890.trailer film War for the Planet of the Apes

During and after World War II, Australia continued to help people immigrate, but there were more varied groups of immigrants, such as the attacks on Australia by Japan. The government felt that the population was too small to put up a good defense. During this period the dominance of assisted British migration continued, but a number of other factors saw a widening of the immigration groups.

These days there are two main routes for immigration: immigration on the basis of profession (Skilled migration), which today is considered the main stream. (Close to 60% of immigrants arrive via this method) and immigration on a family basis (Family migration).

As part of the immigration process one has to pass the point test, which ensures that the applicant has the appropriate status for immigration, such as age and profession. The conditions change with time, so one should be sure to find up-to-date guidelines before beginning the process.